In the solar energy market there is a wide variety of solar panels, mono, poly and thin film, then I will explain what are the Advantages and disadvantages of solar panels.
People often wonder what the advantages and disadvantages of solar panels are , to install it in their home and generate clean and safe energy.
What are Monocrystalline solar panels?
Description and Appearance
This is the oldest and most developed technology of the three.
Monocrystalline panels, as the name suggests, are created from a single continuous crystal structure. A monocrystalline panel can be identified from the solar cells, which appear as a single flat color.
How is a monocrystalline solar panel made?
They are made through the Czochralski method.
The Czochralski process is a method of crystal creation used to obtain single crystals of semiconductors (eg silicon, germanium, and gallium arsenide), metals (eg palladium, platinum, silver, gold), salts, and synthetic gemstones .
The process is named after Polish scientist Jan Czochralski, who invented the method in 1915 while researching the crystallization rates of metals.
He made this discovery by accident, while studying the rate of crystallization of metals when, instead of dipping his pen into ink, he dipped it into molten tin and drew a tin filament, which later turned out to be a single crystal.
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The solid crystal silicon ingot that is formed is then finely cut ingot which is known as a silicon wafer. This becomes a cell.
The Czochralski process produces large cylindrical ingots. Four sides of the ingots are cut to make silicon wafers.
A significant amount of the original silicon ends up as waste.
What is a polycrystalline solar panel?
General description and appearance
Polycrystalline or multicrystalline are a newer technology and vary in the manufacturing process.
also begins as a silicon crystal ‘seed’ placed in a vat of molten silicon. However, instead of stretching the silicon crystal seed as with Monocrystalline, the silicon cuvette is simply allowed to cool.
This is what forms the distinctive edges and grains in the solar cell.
Polycrystalline cells were previously believed to be inferior to monocrystalline because they were slightly less efficient, however due to the cheaper method by which they can be produced along with slightly lower efficiencies they have become the dominant technology in the panel market. residential lots.
In November 2015, Trina Solar announced that it had produced a multicrystalline cell with an efficiency of 21.25%.
This should allow them to produce polycrystalline modules with efficiencies between 18-20%, a concept that was thought to be impossible as recently as 2013.
The new record for p-type multicrystalline solar cells is based on continued polycrystalline wafer quality improvements that have helped push standard 60-cell polycrystalline panels from 240W to 260W in recent years.
Polycrystalline solar panels are now very close to monocrystalline cells in terms of efficiency.
What are thin film solar panels?
General description and appearance
Thin film panels are a totally different technology to Mono and Polycrystalline panels.
They are a new technology compared to mono and polycrystalline cells and are considered a developing technology as great improvements in this technology are expected in the next 10 years.
A thin film panel can be identified as having a solid black appearance. They may or may not have a frame, if the panel is frameless, it is a thin film panel.
Thin-film panels are made by depositing a photovoltaic substance on a solid surface such as glass.
The photovoltaic substance used varies and multiple combinations of substances have been used successfully. Examples of the most common photovoltaic substances used are:
- amorphous silicon
- Cadmium telluride (CdTe)
- Copper indium gallium selenide (CGIS)
- Dye-sensitized solar cell (DSC)
Each of the above are referred to as different panel “types”, but they all fall under the umbrella of being a Thin Film panel.
Thin -film cells have a reputation as the “worst” solar panel technology because they have the lowest efficiency.
However, this is only because they are less energy efficient, which just means that they require the most space to generate the same amount of power.
Because they are becoming the cheapest panels to produce due to low material costs for thin films, they are quickly becoming the most economically efficient panel types.
Depending on the technology, prototype thin film modules have achieved efficiencies between 7% and 13% and production modules operate at approximately 9%. Future module efficiencies are expected to increase by around 10-16%.
The thin-film PV market grew at an annual rate of 60% from 2002 to 2007. In 2011, close to 5% of US PV module shipments to the residential sector were based on thin film.
Next we will analyze the advantages and disadvantages of solar panels
The advantages and disadvantages of solar panels are based on the way they are manufactured, the brand and performance of each of them.
Advantages of monocrystalline solar panels
3-Panasonic also says it is introducing the HIT® N330, the latest addition to the company’s high-efficiency heterojunction PV module product line and its most powerful PV module to date. It will be available in the UK and other European markets from March 2016. Manufactured at Panasonic’s vertically integrated solar manufacturing facility in Malaysia, HIT® N330 boasts 19.7% module-level efficiency and a rated power output of 330 watts.
However, this output degradation is less severe in monocrystalline panels than in polycrystalline solar panels.
However, in practice, the difference is very small. The level at which each solar panel output decreases as the temperature increases is called the temperature coefficient and is published with the specifications for each panel.
What are the disadvantages of monocrystalline solar panels?
What are the advantages of polycrystalline solar panels?
Disadvantages of polycrystalline solar panels
What are the advantages of thin film solar panels?
- It can be flexible, which opens up many new potential applications.
- High temperatures and shading have less impact on solar panel performance .
- In situations where space is not an issue, thin film solar panels can make sense .
What are the disadvantages of thin film solar panels?
- Thin film solar panels are generally not very useful in most residential situations. They are cheap, but they also require a lot of space.
- SunPower’s monocrystalline solar panels produce up to four times the amount of electricity than thin-film solar panels for the same amount of space.
- Low space efficiency also means that PV equipment costs (eg support structures and cables) will increase.
- Thin-film solar panels tend to degrade more quickly than monocrystalline and polycrystalline solar panels, so they generally come with a shorter warranty.