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How to Connect Solar Panels to an Inverter and Batteries

In this article I will show you how to connect solar panel to inverter. If you have solar panels and you want to build a photovoltaic solar system to generate your own electricity, you have to know How to Connect Solar Panels to an Inverter and Batteries. The connection must be well made so that the system works correctly and generates the desired electricity for your home

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Honestly,  solar panels and inverters  for home use have become a necessity rather than a luxury with frequent power outages. People now want to operate all household appliances, including air conditioners, televisions, and refrigerators for their convenience.

The solar panels and investors have played a key role for those who want a power supply 24 hours of the day and, at some point, even have been called as the ”  alternative energy source of the 21st century  ” This Day Live. Due to its quiet and pollution-free ability, an inverter is something that every home should have.

Step 1: Connect the solar panels to the inverter.

Step 2: Connect the batteries to the inverter.

Step 3: Connect the inverter to the batteries.

Step 4: Connect the inverter to the solar panels.

Step 5: Connect the batteries to the solar panels.

How to install solar panels and inverters yourself

First, connect the positive lead of the solar panel to the positive terminal of the inverter. Then, connect the negative lead of the solar panel to the negative terminal of the inverter.

We have categorized the installation process into four different steps:

  1. Solar panel installation:

Here you may need a level of help from a professional to allow the solar panel to be firmly nailed or bolted to your roof.

To get the maximum collection of sunlight from the sun, place it where it can have direct sunlight.
When the solar panel is exposed to direct sunlight, it should provide you with at least 26 volts if you use your multimeter or voltmeter to measure its voltage. Try to fix the panels away from shady areas, this affects the efficiency of the solar panels.

2. Connecting your charge controller:

The current we get from the solar panels will not stay constant throughout the day, therefore you should not connect photovoltaic solar modules directly to charge your battery as it will damage it over time.

So you need a device called a Solar Charge Controller to control the current we receive from solar panels. The charge controller has a built-in PWM (Pulse Width Modulation) charger to charge the lead-acid battery in three stages, ensuring long battery life.

The charge controller has three connection points for solar panels, battery, and direct current (DC). If you look at the back of the solar panel    (the one we assembled in the first step)  , you will see two wires, which are positive (+) and negative (-). Connect them where the  solar panel indicated on the charge controller  , connect positive to positive, negative to negative.

How to Connect Solar Panels to an Inverter and Batteries

3. Connect the battery to the inverter:

On the back of your inverter you will see where the 12V DC input is indicated, connect the positive (+) terminal of the battery to the positive (+) terminal of the inverter and the negative (-) terminal of the battery to the negative ( -) inverter terminal.

Please, the inverter must stay off on the point.

How to Connect Solar Panels to an Inverter and Batteries

4. Connecting the battery to charge the controller:

As indicated in the third step (above), the charge controller has positive (+) and negative (-) terminals for the battery. Connect the positive (+) of the charge controller to the positive for the battery and the negative (-) of the charge controller to the negative of the battery

How to Connect Solar Panels to an Inverter and Batteries

5. Giving energy to your home:

CAUTION: 
Have an electrician separate the load intended for the inverter, so that the inverter is not damaged or damaged when the house is powered.

me. Power the inverter, use your voltmeter to check the inverter output voltage, which should be 230V.

1- Turn the inverter  OFF  .

2- Turn  OFF  all your devices

3- Connect the inverter output to your home’s electrical grid.

4- Turn ON  your inverter.

5- Power your appliances, starting with the one that consumes the least voltage.